Композиторы и поэты

Dauletkerei Shigaev


(1820 - 1887)   Dauletkerei left priceless musical legacy that influenced Kazakh national instrumental music and its development.

 
 Dauletkerei was born in 1820 near Caspian sea. His father Sultan Shigai Nuraliev died when his son Dauletkerei was 5 years old. Then his cousin Sultan Mendigerei  Bukeikhanov who was the most powerful and rich person in Bukeev's orda (horde) after Zhangir Khan took care about him.
Dauletkerei was influenced by Musrali, kuishi (a person that performs a kui, kui-is an instrumental composition that lasts 1-5 minutes), who was a real master of that genre. He tought Dauletkerei dombyra playing techniques and then Dauletkerei started composing his kuis.
 It was also very important that he met European music.As he was a part of Sultan's family he used to be very often in the Zhangir Khan's palace (residence). There was a strange mix of European manners and Eastern way of life. One could hear there a sound of piano, kazakh singing and kazakh national instruments as well as Russian, French ad native speach of people. Dauletkerei new Russian folk music and Russian national instruments. It was fixed that by 20 he was a very popular dombyrist in all the Bukeev's Orda. He also could play Russian balalaika and he had a good collection of them.
We used his kui "Koroguly" in Edige song (Attila album).

Источник : http://www.dombra-music.kz/kz/dauletkerey/more.html


Kazangap Tolepbergenuly

(1854-1927) - famous Kazakh composer. He was born grew near Aral sea. He belonged to Shanyshkyly tribe of Elder Zhuz. Kazangap looked after the sheep in the childhood for more than 10 years anfd all that time he was together with his dombyra. Once he became adult fellow he tok permission from his parents to dedicate his life to playing dombyra. He travelled very long time visiting different parts of huge Kazakhstan, particpated in many contests of players, gathered a lot of folk music. One day he met a Karakalpak (they are 100% the same nation as Kazakhs, but different ethnic name, now part of Uzbekistan) girl Balzhan and they fell in love with each other. They dicided to get married, but unfortunately because of the poverty of his parents he could not come to her for marriage at agreed time. Then after a while he met her by accident and she was already married. She said: "That was our destiny... that was how life went itself... You should not blame me... It was not my fault that I waited for you almost two times longer than you promised me... But during the rest of your life you can dedicate your compositions to our cancelled love". So he did. A whole set of different compositions were dedicated to that beatuful girl Balzhan. He was inspired by her purity and beauty. He composed epic things. We can see in his music reflection of Kazakhs' past, present and future...

Kurmangazy Sagyrbaiuly


(1818-1889)

Composer-kiuishi, classic of Kazakh instrumental music. Kurmangazy takes particular place in the musical culture of Kazakhstan. If you wish to hear the pulse and breath of Kazakh land, if you wish to become aware of what the free wind of the boundless steppe spaces sing, to feel the joy of swift race of the flying horses, if you wish to comprehend the power of the Kazakh people, then listen to the kiuis by Kurmangazy. His kiuis «Saryarka», «Balbyraun», «Serper», «Adai» the Kazakhs associate with the image of the Motherland.

Born among common people, Kurmangazy all his life fought against iniquity of Kazakh bais, defended the common people’s rights. Persecution, unjust accusations, prison could not crush the kiuishi’s resistance. Keenly responding to the events happening around him, Kurmangazy created again sincerely the wide panorama of Kazakh people’s life. The kiuis «Saryarka», «Alatau», «Bulbuldyn kurgyry» glorify the beauty of the native land, the kiuis «Kishkentai», «Toremurat», «Adai» create the mighty images of the heroes-batyrs, «Kairan sheshem», «Kyzyl kaiyn», «Ksen ashkan» reflect the concrete events of the kiuishi’s life.

The majority of Kurmangazy’s kiuis are notable for dynamic character, fast rate, large-scale forms, covering the dombra’s range. The kiuishi’s art represents the peak of the West Kazakhstani Dombra School’s development, because Kurmangazy magnificently realised in his work the heroic batyr themes, taking the dominating position in the culture of the given region.

People preserved the creative work of Kurmangazy with great care, and now more than sixty kiuis are known.As tribute to the memory of this great genius, the Kazakh State Academic Folk Orchestra, Almaty State Conservatory, children’s musical schools, youth competitions are all named for Kurmangazy. See «Legends» for the story of the creation of the epic composition «Saryarka» by Kurmangazy.

Source: http://zzl.kz/rubric/det/448/1153/

We used his hit kui Adai in our Attila album in "Duel" song.


Sugir

(1882-1961) He showed his musical talent when he was 15 years old playing compositions of Tattimbet (Kazakh composer). He was also influenced by Yqylas Dukenov. His composition were first played in 1964 by the Kazakh National folk orchestra after Kurmangazy and in 1968-69 were fixed with notes on the paper. His comositions were performed and popularized by kobyz (Kazakh national instrument) player Zh. Kalambaev.

Nurgissa A. Tlendiev


(1 April,1925 — 15 October, 1998) — Kazakh comoser, dombyrist.
He was born and grew in Almaty region. He finished Moscow Conservatory as a kapellmeister.
He was a chief kapellmeister of Kazakh theatre of Opera and Ballet after Abai (1953—1961), Kazakh Academic Orcheastra of national instruments after Kumangazy (1961—1964). Then he founded the similar legendary orchestra called Otrar Sazyand was its chief kapellmeister till his death (1981—1998). His music was used in more than 20 films, 40 plays. He was buried near Zhambyl's mauzoleum.


Source: http://yvision.kz/yv/178897

Seken Turysbekov


Very famous living Kazakh composer. His kui Konil Tolkyny remains number one hit for more than 30 years amongst Kazakh shertpe kuis (slow instrumental musical composition). His full bio is requested to his HQ, hopefully we'll get it.

Tulegen Mombekov


(1918-?) Dombyrist, composer, very famouse kui player. He was a pupil of Sugir Aliev. His first teacher was his own grandfather  Bopysh Kozhamzharov. He rised the music of the Kazakh's past to new heights. His compositions are still very popular in Kazakhstan, like kui "Saltanat", "Anama", "Koshtasu", etc.

Turkesh, 19 century.

Unfortunately we could not find his bio and picture. We will try to get it from our state archieves. He is a famouse Kazakh composer who lived in 19 century. Only one kui (instrumental composition) reached our days. All his other music was unfortunately lost in the history, because Kazakhs did not use notes and beared the music only in heads and tought others only by one to one simple method, in other words from dombyra-to-ears. The player played and the listener was supposed to remember it and repeat himself under the teachers supervision. The only kui we know is Konil Ashar. We included it in our Attila album as a bonus track. O God, I wish I could have all his music. He was brilliant.

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